School Age Services

Developmental milestones for the school aged child are based on the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association’s (ASHA) information for the public.

By the end of kindergarten, your child should:
* comprehend age appropriate stories
* follow multi-step directions with no visuals
* participate and be understood in conversations
* identify and write letters
* identify words that rhyme

By the end of first grade, your child should:
* remember information
* tell and retell stories in logical order
* start conversations and stay “on-topic” with friends
* identify all the sounds in short words

By the end of second grade, your child should:
* understand temporal concepts (seasons, yesterday/tomorrow, etc.)
* use increasingly complex sentences
* use language to teach, convince, and charm
* organize writing to include beginning, middle, and end

By the end of third grade, your child should:
* understand grade-level material, even when presented with background noise
* participate in group discussions using subject related vocabulary
* stay on topic, use appropriate eye-contact, and take turns in conversation
* demonstrate basic reading skills and the ability to summarize

By the end of fourth grade, your child should:
* form opinions based on evidence
* listen for a specific purpose
* understand and use some idioms (e.g. “It’s raining cats and dogs.”)
* make effective oral presentations

By the end of fifth grade, your child should:
* draw conclusions from presented material
* understand and read body language
* read grade level books fluently
* use vocabulary effectively